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New Coronavirus Prevention And Control Measures

Mar 17, 2020

New Coronavirus Prevention and Control Measures

疫情

Elderly prevention and control guide


1. Ensure that the elderly have personal protection measures, hand hygiene requirements, hygiene and health habits to prevent pneumonia from new coronavirus infection, avoid sharing personal items, pay attention to ventilation, and implement disinfection measures. Promote the elderly to develop a good habit of washing their hands frequently.

2. When the elderly have suspicious symptoms such as fever, cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle soreness, etc., the following measures should be taken:

(1) Self-isolation to avoid close contact with other personnel.

(2) The health status of medical staff shall be evaluated, and the medical condition shall be sent to a medical institution for medical treatment. Medical surgical masks shall be worn on the way to the doctor to avoid taking public transportation as much as possible.

(3) Those who have had close contact with those with suspicious symptoms should be registered immediately and medically observed.

(4) Reduce unnecessary gatherings, gatherings and other group activities, and do not arrange centralized meals.

(5) If an elderly person with suspicious symptoms is diagnosed with pneumonitis infected by a new coronavirus, close contacts should receive medical observation for 14 days. After the patient leaves (such as hospitalization, death, etc.), the terminal should be disinfected in time. The specific disinfection method is operated or instructed by the professionals of the local CDC or a qualified third party. The house is not recommended for use without disinfection.


Child Prevention and Control Guide

1. Don't go to crowded places and not attend parties.

2. Be sure to wear a mask when going out, remember to remind parents to wear good masks.

3. Regular work and healthy diet. Wash your hands carefully before and after meals. Do sports with your father and mother at home.

4. From now on, develop the habit of covering your mouth and nose with tissues or elbows when sneezing or coughing.

5. If you have a fever or illness, you must cooperate with your father and mother to go to the hospital in time for medical treatment.

Student Prevention and Control Guide

During the holidays

(1) Students who have a history of residence or travel in areas with a high incidence of epidemic disease shall have a medical observation at home or at a designated place for 14 days after leaving the area with a high incidence of epidemic disease.

(2) Students from all places should try their best to live at home, reduce the need to visit relatives and friends, gather meals, and reduce activities to crowded public places, especially places with poor air mobility.

(3) It is recommended that students conduct daily health monitoring and report to the designated person in charge of the community or school according to the requirements of the community or school.

(4) At the end of the vacation, students can return to school normally if they have no suspicious symptoms. If you have suspicious symptoms, you should report it to the school or the guardian to the school, seek medical treatment in a timely manner, and return to school after recovery.2. On the way back to school

(1) Wear medical surgical masks or N95 masks during public transportation.

(2) Maintain hand hygiene at all times and reduce contact with public goods and parts of vehicles.

(3) Do good health monitoring during the trip and take active temperature measurements when you feel fever.

(4) Pay attention to the health of the surrounding passengers and avoid close contact with people with suspicious symptoms.

(5) If there are suspicious symptoms during the journey, you should actively wear a medical surgical mask or N95 mask, try to avoid contact with other personnel, and seek medical treatment in a timely manner depending on the condition.

(6) If you need to go to a medical institution for treatment during the trip, you should take the initiative to inform the doctor of the travel and residence history of the disease-endemic area and cooperate with the doctor to conduct relevant investigations.

(7) Properly keep information on travel documents to cooperate with possible investigations of close contacts.

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Kindergarten (or school) prevention and control guide

1. Students who have lived or traveled in a high-incidence area before returning to school are advised to return to school after the 14-day period expires.

2. After returning to school, students should monitor their body temperature and health status daily to minimize unnecessary trips and avoid contact with other personnel.

3. In the environment where students and other teachers and students have close contact, they should wear medical surgical masks or N95 masks correctly to minimize the scope of activities.

4. The school closely monitors the health status of students, measures body temperature twice a day, and makes records of absences, early departures, and leave requests. If suspicious symptoms are found in students, they should immediately report to the epidemic management staff and cooperate with medical and health institutions to make close contact Management and disinfection.

5. Schools should try to avoid organizing large-scale collective activities. Classrooms, dormitories, libraries, activity centers, canteens, auditoriums, teacher's offices, toilets and other activity areas are recommended to strengthen ventilation and clean, equipped with hand sanitizer, hand disinfectant , etc.

6. The school conducts online teaching and make-up lessons for students who miss classes due to illness. For those who have delayed their exams due to illness, make-up exams should be arranged and should not be recorded in the archives.


Nursing Home Prevention and Control Guide

During the epidemic, it is recommended that the nursing homes implement closed management. In principle, they do not accept visits and condolences from outsiders. The elderly cannot leave the hospital to go out and no longer accept newly admitted elderly people. The elderly who must go out should return to the nursing home for close observation.

Daily precautions

(1) Ensure that staff and elders have relevant knowledge, avoid sharing personal belongings, pay attention to ventilation, and implement disinfection measures. Establish health records for the elderly and staff, and conduct morning inspections and health registration daily.

(2) Once suspicious symptoms occur, staff members should stop working immediately and go to the hospital for examination and examination. After ruling out new-type coronavirus infection and other infectious diseases, they can resume employment.

(3) Establish a visitor registration system. If a visitor has suspicious symptoms of a new coronavirus infection, he should refuse the visit. All visiting visitors should wear medical surgical masks.

(4) Ventilation keeps indoor air fresh. Open the window for ventilation for at least 30 minutes every half day; if it is not suitable to open the window for ventilation, mechanical ventilation ventilation equipment should be provided. When opening windows for ventilation in winter, care should be taken to avoid colds caused by excessive temperature differences between indoor and outdoor.

(5) Promote the elderly to develop a good habit of washing hands frequently to ensure that the environment is clean and hygienic.

(6) Prepare an isolation room for isolation and treatment of elderly people who have suspicious symptoms in the future. Elderly people with symptoms should be isolated in time to avoid transmission to other elderly people.

2. When there are suspicious symptoms in the elderly

When there are suspicious symptoms in the elderly in the nursing home, the elderly should be quarantined in a single room in a timely manner, and the medical staff will evaluate their health status, send them to a medical institution for treatment, and suspend visits.


Office Prevention and Control Guide

1. The staff should perform health monitoring on their own. If there are suspicious symptoms of the new coronavirus infection (including fever, cough, sore throat, chest tightness, dyspnea, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, muscle soreness, etc.), do not take the disease To work.

2. If suspicious symptoms of new coronavirus infection are found, staff should ask them to leave.

3. Public items and public contact items or parts should be cleaned and disinfected regularly.

4. Maintain air circulation in the office. Ensure that the air-conditioning system or exhaust fan operates normally, clean the air-conditioning filter regularly, and strengthen window ventilation.

5. The toilet should be equipped with sufficient hand soap to ensure the normal operation of water supply facilities such as faucets.

6. Keep the environment sanitary and clean, and clean up the garbage in time.


Vehicle Prevention and Control Guide

Including planes, buses, subways, trains, etc.

1. Public transport staff on the job in epidemic-stricken areas should wear medical surgical masks or N95 masks, and do daily health monitoring.

2. It is recommended to provide thermometers, masks and other items for public transportation.

3. Increase the frequency of cleaning and disinfection of public transportation, and do a good job of cleaning and disinfection records and identification.

4. Maintain good ventilation of public transport.

5. Keep the station and compartment clean and tidy, and clean up the garbage in time.

6. Make good arrangements for the work of crew and passengers, and ensure that the crew and passengers have enough rest.

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Guide to Prevention and Control in Public Places

This guide is applicable to public places such as shopping malls, restaurants, theaters, KTVs, Internet cafes, public baths, stadiums, exhibition halls, railway stations, subway stations, airports, bus stations and other public places.

1. Workers in public places should monitor their health by themselves. If suspicious symptoms of the new coronavirus infection occur, do not take them to work.

2. If suspicious symptoms of new coronavirus infection are found, staff should ask them to leave.

3. Public items and public contact items or parts should be cleaned and disinfected regularly.

4. Maintain air circulation in public places. Ensure that the air-conditioning system or exhaust fan operates normally, clean the air-conditioning filter regularly, and strengthen window ventilation.

5. The toilet should be equipped with sufficient hand soap to ensure the normal operation of water supply facilities such as faucets.

6. Keep the environment sanitary and clean, and clean up the garbage in time.

7. In disease-endemic areas, the public should try their best to avoid going to public places, especially avoid places with dense crowds and poor air circulation.


Home isolation prevention and control guide

1. Living space arrangement

(1) Those with suspicious symptoms need to live in a well-ventilated single room and refuse all visits.

(2) Family members should live in different rooms. If conditions do not permit, they should stay at least 1 meter away and sleep in separate beds. People with suspicious symptoms should reduce their activities, limit their living space, and ensure that spaces that need to be shared (such as the kitchen and bathroom) are well ventilated (keep windows open).

2. Carer arrangements

It is best to take care of a family member who should be in good health and free of chronic diseases.

3. Prevent transmission

Family members and those with suspicious symptoms should wear medical surgical masks that closely fit the face when they are in the same room. Hand hygiene at all times, avoid direct contact with body secretions, and do not share any items that may cause indirect contact infection.

4.Treatment of radon pollutants

Used gloves, paper towels, masks, and other waste should be placed in a garbage bag dedicated to the patient's room, marked as a contaminant, and discarded.

5. If you have any of the following symptoms, you should immediately stop home isolation and seek medical treatment in a timely manner.

(1) Breathing difficulties (including chest tightness, belching, and shortness of breath that have worsened after the activity).

(2) Problems with consciousness (including lethargy, nonsense, inability to distinguish between day and night, etc.).

(3) Diarrhea.

(4) High fever exceeding 39 ° C.

(5) Suspected symptoms of new coronavirus infection in other family members.